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Christian in trouble. 





"I have used similitudes," 

Hosea xii. 10. 



No. 821 Chestnut Street. 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the 

year i860, by 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the 

Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 

S. D. Wyeth, Stereotyper. 


No endeavour has been made in 
this little book to improve Bun- 
yan's Pilgrim's Progress. To do 
so would be simply absurd. 

To bring prominently into view 
scenes supposed most attractive 
to children has been attempted ; 
and, while the Dreamer's narra- 
tive is preserved, others of less 
striking character have been 
thrown into the back ground. 

The quaint, simple language of 
the incomparable Bunyan is, for 
the most part, retained. 



As I walked through the wilder- 
ness of this world, I came to a 
certain place, and laid me down 
to sleep ; and as I slept, I dreamed 
a dream. 

I dreamed I saw a man clothed 
with rags, standing with his face 
from his own house, a book in his 
hand, and a great burden upon 
his back. I saw him open the 
book and read therein ; and as he 
read he wept and trembled ; and 
soon after, he brake out with a 
bitter cry, saying, 


" What shall I do I" 

Then, in great trouble, he went 
home, and tried, as long as he 
could, not to let his wife and chil- 
dren see his distress ; but he could 
not be silent long. At length he 
spake his mind to them, and said, 

"My dear wife and children, I 
find I am in myself undone by 
reason of a burden that lieth hard 
upon me. Moreover, I am cer- 
tainly told that this our city will 
be burnt with fire ; and that we 
all shall come to ruin, unless some 
way of escape can be found; 
which yet I see not." 

At this his relatives were 
amazed; not that they believed 
what he said was true, but they 


thought some crazy fancy had 
got into his head. It being near 
night, they with all haste got him 
to bed, hoping that sleep would 
chase away his fears. But the 
night was as troublesome to him 
as the day ; instead of sleeping, 
he spent it in sighs and tears. 

So when the morning was come, 
they would know how he did. 
He told them, "Worse and worse.' ' 

He also set to talking to them 
again ; but they would not hear 
him. Sometimes they would de- 
ride, sometimes they would chide, 
and sometimes they would quite 
neglect him. Wherefore he began 
to retire himself to his chamber, 
to pray for and pity them, and also 
to bewail his own misery. 


He would also walk by himself 
in the fields, sometimes reading, 
and sometimes praying : and 
thus for some days he spent his 

Now I saw, upon a time, when 
he was walking in the fields, that 
he was, as he was wont, reading 
in his Book, and greatly distressed 
in his mind ; and as he read, he 
burst out, as he had done before, 
crying, "What shall I do to be 

I saw also that he looked this 
way, and that way, as if he would 
run ; yet he stood still, because 
he could not tell which way to go. 
I looked then, and saw a man 
named Evangelist, coming to him, 
and he asked, 

pilgrim's progress. 11 

"Wherefore dost thou cry?" 

He answered, 

11 Sir, I see by the Book in my 
hand that I must die, and after 
that come to judgment." 

Then said Evangelist, 

' ' Why not willing to die, since 
this life is attended with so many 

The man answered, 

"Because I fear that this burden 
that is upon my back will sink me 
lower than the grave, and I shall 
fall into Tophet. I am not fit to 
go to judgment. The thoughts 
of these things make me cry." 

Then said Evangelist, 

"If this be thy condition, why 
standest thou still?" 

He answered, 

12 pilgrim's progress. 

"Because I know not whither 
to go." 

Then he gave him a parchment 

roll ; and there was written within, 

* Flee from the wrath to come.'' 

The man therefore read it, and 
looking upon Evangelist very 
carefully, said, 

"Whither must I flee?" 

Then said Evangelist, pointing 
with his finger over a very wide 

"Do you see yonder wicket- 

The man said, 


Then said the other, 

"Do you see yonder shining 

He said, 

pilgrim's progress. 13 

"I think I do." 

Then said Evangelist, 

"Keep that light in your eye, 
and go up directly thereto, so 
shalt thou see the gate ; at which, 
when thou knockest, it shall be 
told thee what thou shalt do." 

So I saw in my dream that the 
man began to run. Now he had 
not run far, when his wife and 
children seeing it, began to cry 
after liim to return ; but the man 
put his fingers in his ears, and 
ran on, crying, 

"Life! life! eternal life!" 

The neighbours also came out 
to see him : and, some mocked, 
others threatened, and some cried 
after him to return ; and among 
those that did so, were two re- 

14 pilgrim's progress. 

solved to fetch him back by force. 
The name of the one was Obsti- 
nate, and the name of the other 
Pliable. In a little time they 
overtook him. 

Then said the man, to them, 

" Neighbours, wherefore are you 
come ?" 

They said, 

"To get you to go back with 

Thereupon they fell into an ar- 
gument : — at length Christian, for 
that was the name of the man, 
persuaded Pliable to go with him ; 
and Obstinate, quite angry, re- 
turned to his home in the city of 
Destruction, from whence they all 
had come. 

Now I saw in my dream that 

pilgrim's progress. 15 

Slough of Despond. 

pilgrim's progress. 17 

when Obstinate was gone back, 
Christian and Pliable went along, 
talking, over the plain : and their 
talk was of heavenly things. 

Now they drew nigh to a very 
miry slough that was in the 
midst of the plain ; and they being 
heedless did both fall suddenly 
into the bog. The name of the 
slough was Despond. Here they 
wallowed for a time, being griev- 
ously bedaubed with the dirt ; and 
Christian, because of the burden 
that was on his back, began to 
sink in the mire. 

Then said Pliable, 

"Ah, neighbour Christian, 
where are you now ?" 

" Truly," said Christian, " I do 
not know." 

18 pilgrim's progress. 

At that Pliable began to be of- 
fended, and angrily said, 

" Is this the happiness you have 
told me of all this while ? If we 
have such ill speed at our first 
setting out, what may we expect 
between this and our journey's 
end? May I get out again with 
my life, you shall possess the 
brave country alone for me," 

And with that he gave a des- 
perate struggle or two, and got 
out of the mire on that side of the 
slough which was next to his own 
house : so away he went and 
Christian saw him no more. 

Christian was left to tumble in 
the slough of Despond alone : but 
still he endeavoured to struggle to 
that side of the slough that was 

pilgrim's progress. 19 

farthest from his own house and 
next to the Wicket-gate. This 
he did, but could not get out be- 
cause of the burden that was upon 
his back. But I saw in my dream, 
that a man came to him whose 
name was Help, and asked him, 

"What dost thou here?" 

"Sir, " said Christian, "I was 
bid to go this way by a man called 
Evangelist, who directed me also 
to yonder gate, that I might es- 
cape the wrath to come. And as 
I was going thither, I fell in here. ,, 

"But why did you not look for 
the steps f" asked Help. 

Christian answered: — "Fear 
followed me so hard, that I fled 
the next way, and fell in." 

Then said he, "Give me thy 

20 pilgrim's progress. 

hand." And he drew him out, 
and set him upon sound ground, 
and bid him go on his way. 

Now as Christian was walking 
along by himself, he espied one 
afar off, come crossing over the 
field to meet him. And they met 
just as they were crossing the 
way of each other. The gentle- 
man's name that met him was Mr. 
Worldly Wiseman : he dwelt in 
the town of Carnal Policy, a very 
great town, and hard- by from 
whence Christain came. Mr. 
Worldly Wiseman had some guess 
of Christian ; for his setting forth 
from the city of Destruction was 
much noised abroad. Now, see- 
ing his laborious going, and hear- 
ing his sighs and groans, and the 

pilgrim's progress. 21 

Christian and Worldly Wiseman. 

pilgrim's progress. 23 

like, lie began to enter into some 
talk with him. 

This Mr. Worldly Wiseman was 
a lover of the world, and no friend 
of the Prince of Pilgrims. He told 
Christian to go to the house of Mr. 
Legality, in the town of Morality, 
who would ease him of his burden. 
His words beguiled the poor man, 
so that he was brought to a stand, 
and at last he turned out of his 
way to go to Mr. Legality's house. 

But behold, when he was got 
now hard by a hill that had to be 
passed, it seemed so high, and 
also that sife of it that was next 
the way-side, did hang so much 
over, that Christian was afraid to 
venture further, lest the hill 
should fall on his head ; wherefore 

24 pilgrim's progress. 

there he stood still, and wist not 
what to do. Also his burden now 
seemed heavier to him than while 
he was in his way. There came 
also flashes of fire out of the hill, 
that made Christian afraid that he 
should be burnt: here, therefore, 
he did sweat and quake for fear. 

And now he began to be sorry 
that he had taken Mr. Worldly 
Wiseman's counsel ; and with 
that he saw Evangelist coming to 
meet him, at the sight also of 
whom he began to blush for shame. 
So Evangelist drew nearer and 
nearer; and coming up to him, 
he looked upon him with a severe 
and dreadful countenance, and 
thus began to reason with Chris- 

pilgrim's progress. 25 

"What dost thou here, Chris- 
tian?" said he, 

At which words Christian knew 
not what to answer ; wherefore at 
present he stood speechless before 
him. Then said Evangelist fur- 

4 'Art not thou the man that 
I found crying without the walls 
of the city of Destruction ?" 

"Yes, dear sir, I am the man." 

11 Did not I direct thee the way 
to the little wicket- gate?" 

"Yes, dear sir," said Christian. 

" How is it then that thou art 
so quickly turned aside? For 
thou art now out of the way." 

Then Christian told Evangelist 
all. How that he had met with 
Mr. Worldlv Wiseman, and what 

26 pilgrim's progress. 

he advised him to do. Evangelist 
reproved him from G-od's word, 
and showed him what dreadful 
hazard he had run. 

Then Christian fell down at his 
feet as dead, crying, "Woe is me, 
for I am undone ! ' ' 

At this sight Evangelist caught 
him by the right hand, saying, 
"All manner of sin and blasphe- 
mies shall be forgiven unto men." 
"Be not faithless, but believing." 

Then did Christian again a little 
revive, and stood up trembling, as 
at first, before Evangelist. 

Then Evangelist proceeded to 
show him wherein he had done 
wrong ; and, as he went on, Chris- 
tian's heart sank within him and 
he began to look for nothing but 

pilgrim's progress. 27 

death, and cry out lamentably. 
At length he asked, 

"Sir, what think you, is there 
any hope ? May I now go back, 
and go up to the Wicket-gate ? 
Shall I not be abandoned for 
this, and sent back from thence 
ashamed ? I am sorry I have 
hearkened to this man's counsel : 
but may my sin be forgiven?" 
Then said Evangelist to him, 
"Thy sin is very great, for by 
it thou hast committed two evils ; 
thou hast forsaken the way that 
is good, to tread in forbidden 
paths. Yet will the man at the 
gate receive thee, for he has good- 
will for men ; only take heed that 
thou turn not aside again, ' Lest 
thou perish from the way, when 

28 pilgrim's progress. 

his wrath is kindled but a 
little.' " 

Then did Christian address him- 
self to go back; and Evangelist 
after he had kissed him, gave him 
one smile and bid him, " Grod 

So he went on with haste, neither 
spake he to any man by the way. 

So in process of time Christian 
got up to the gate. Now over the 
gate was written, 

" Knock and it shall be opened 
unto you." 

He knocked therefore, more 
than once or twice, saying, 

11 May I not entor here? Will he within 
Open to sorry me, though I have been 
An undeserving rebel ? Then shall I 
Not fail to sing his lasting praise on high." 

pilgrim's progress. 29 

Christian and Evangelist. 

pilgrim's progress. 31 

At last there came a grave per- 
son to the gate, named Good-will, 
who asked, Who is there ? and 
Whence comest thou ? and, What 
wouldst thou have ? 

Christian answered, 

" Here is a poor burdened sin- 
ner. I come from the city of De- 
struction, but am going to Mount 
Zion, that I may be delivered from 
the wrath to come. Therefore, 
sir, since I am told that by this 
gate is the way thither, I would 
know if thou art willing to let me 

"I am willing with all my 
neart, " said he ; and with that he 
opened the gate. 

So when Christian was stepping 
in, the other gave him a pull. 

32 pilgrim's progress. 

Then said Christian, 

" What means that?" 

The other told him, 

"A little distance from this gate 
there is erected a strong castle, 
of which Beelzebub is the captain ; 
from thence both he, and they 
that are with him, shoot arrows 
at those that come up to this gate, 
if perhaps they may die before 
they can enter in." 

Then said Christian, 

"I rejoice and tremble." 

So when he got in the man at 
the gate asked him, Who directed 
thee hither ? Christian answered, 

' ' Evangelist bid me come hither 
and knock, as I did ; and he said, 
that thou, sir, wouldst tell me 
what I must do." 

pilgrim's progress. 33 

" An open door is set before 
thee and no man can shnt it;" 
said Good-will. 

Then Christian and Good- will 
fell into a long discourse, in which 
Christian told all that had happen- 
ed to him since he left home ; 
about Pliable and Obstinate, the 
Slough of Despond, his going out 
of the right way, of Mr. Worldly 
Wiseman and Evangelist. Good- 
will gave an attentive ear to him, 
and after reproving him, kindly 
gave him instruction on many 
points. At last he said, 

"Come Christian, a little way 
with me, and I will teach thee 
about the way thou must go. 
Look before thee ; dost thou see 
this narrow way? That is the 

34 pilgrim's progress. 

way thou must go. It was cast 
up by the patriarchs, prophets, 
Christ, and his apostles, and it is 
as straight as a rule can make it: 
this is the way thou must go." 

"But," said Christian, "are 
there no turnings nor windings, 
by which a stranger may lose his 

"Yes," answered Good- will, 
"there are many ways that branch 
off from this, and they are crooked 
and wide ; but thus thou mayest 
distinguish the right from the 
wrong, the right only being straight 
and narrow." 

Then Christian asked him, If 
he could not help him off with his 
burden that was upon his back ? 

But he told him, 

pilgrim's progress. 35 

1 'As to thy burden, be content 
to bear it, until thou comest to 
the place of deliverance ; for there 
it will fall from thy back of itself. " 

Now Christian began to get 
ready to go upon his journey. So 
the other told him, that some dis- 
tance from the gate, he would 
come to the house of the Inter- 
preter, at whose door he should 
knock, and he would show him 
excellent things. 

Then Christian took leave of his 
friend and he also bid him u God 

So he went on, till he came at 
the house of the Interpreter, 
where he knocked over and over, 
At last one came to the door, and 

36 pilgrim's progress. 

"Who is there ?" 

* { Sir, ' ' said Christian, 1 ' here is 
a traveller, who was bid to call here 
for profit ; I would therefore speak 
with the master of the house." 

So he called for the master of 
the house, who, after a little time, 
came to Christian, and asked him 
what he would have. 

So Christian told him. 

Then said the Interpreter, 

* ' Come in ; I will show thee 
that which will be profitable to 

So he commanded his man to 
light a candle, and bid Chris- 
tian follow him to a private room, 
where he saw the picture of a very 
grave person hung up against the 
wall ; and this was the fashion of 

pilgrim's progress. 37 

it ; it had eyes lifted up to heaven, 
the best of books in its hand, the 
law of truth was written upon its 
lips ; the world was behind its 
back ; it stood as if it pleaded with 
men, and a crown of gold did hang 
over its head. 

Then Christian said, 

4 'What means this?" 

"Now," said the Interpreter, 
1 ' I have showed thee this picture 
first, because the man whose pic- 
ture this is, is the only man whom 
the Lord of the place whither thou 
art going hath authorized to be 
thy guide in all difficult places : 
wherefore take good heed, lest in 
thy journey thou meet with some 
that pretend to lead thee right, 
but their way goes down to death. n 


Then he took him by the hand, 
and led into a very large parlor 
that was full of dust, because 
never swept ; the Interpreter then 
called for a man to sweep. Now, 
when he began to sweep, the dust 
flew about so, that Christian was 
almost choked. Then said the 
Interpreter to a damsel that stood 
by, " Bring hither water, and 
sprinkle the room ;" which, when 
she had done, it was swept and 
cleansed with pleasure. 
Then said Christian, 
"What means this?" 
The Interpreter answered, 
4 ' This parlor is the heart of a 
man that was never sanctified by 
the gospel. The dust is his ori- 
ginal sin, and inward corruptions. 

pilgrim's progress. 39 

He that began to sweep at first, is 
the law ; but she that brought 
water, and did sprinkle it, is the 

I saw moreover in my dream, 
that the Interpreter took him by 
the hand, and had him into a small 
room, where sat two little children, 
each one in his chair. The name 
of the eldest was Passion, and the 
name of the other Patience. Pas- 
sion seemed to be much discon- 
tented, but Patience was very 

Then Christian asked, 

4 ' What is the reason of the dis 
content of Passion ?" 

The Interpreter answered, 

"The governor of them would 
have him stay for his best things 

40 pilgrim's progress. 

till the beginning of the next year, 
but he will have all now; but 
Patience is willing to wait." 

Then I saw that one came to 
Passion, with a bag of treasure, 
and poured it at his feet : the 
which he took up, and rejoiced 
therein, and withal laughed Pa- 
tience to scorn. But I saw in a 
little while, he had lavished all 
away, and had nothing left him 
but rags. 

Then I saw in my dream, that 
the Interpreter took Christian by 
the hand, and led him into a 
place where was a fire burning 
against a wall, and one standing 
by it, always casting much water 
upon it, to quench it ; yet did the 
fire burn higher and hotter. 

pilgrim's progress. 41 

Then said Christian, 
" What means this?" 
The Interpreter answered, 
1 ' This fire is the work of grace 
that is wrought in the heart ; he 
that casts water upon it, to put it 
out, is the devil : but in that thou 
seest the fire, notwithstanding, 
burn higher and hotter, thou shaft 
also see the reason of that." 

So he had him about to the 
back side of the wall, where he 
saw a man with a vessel of oil in 
his hand, which he continually 
cast, but secretly, into the fire. 
Then said Christian, 
"What means this?" 
The Interpreter answered, 
" This is Christ, who continu- 
ally, with the oil of his grace, 

42 pilgrim's progress. 

maintains the work already begun 
in the heart." 

I saw also, that the Interpreter 
took him again by the hand, and 
led him to a pleasant place, where 
was built a stately palace, beautiful 
to behold ; at the sight of which 
Christian was greatly delighted. 
He saw also upon the top thereof 
certain persons walking, who were 
clothed all in gold. 
Then said Christian, 
"May we go in thither?" 
Then the Interpreter took him, 
and led him up towards the door 
of the palace ; and behold, at the 
door stood a great company of 
men, desirous to go in, but 
durst not. There also sat a man 
at a little distance from the door, 

pilgrim's progress. 43 

at a table-side, with, a book and 
his inkhorn before him, to take 
the names of them that should 
enter therein ; he saw also that in 
the doorway stood many men in 
armour to keep it, being resolved 
to do to men that would enter, 
what hurt and mischief they 

Now was Christian somewhat in 
amaze. At last, when every man 
started back for fear of the armed 
men, Christian saw a man of a 
very brave countenance come up 
to the man that sat there to write, 

"Set down my name, sir;" 
which when he had done, lie 
saw the man draw his sword, and 
put a helmet on his head, and 

44 pilgrim's progress. 

rush towards the door upon the 
armed men, who laid upon him 
with deadly force ; but the man, 
not discouraged, fell to cutting 
and hacking most fiercely. So 
after he had received and given 
many wounds, he cut his way 
through, and pressed forward into 
the palace ; at which there was a 
pleasant voice heard from those 
that were within, even of those 
that walked upon the top of the 
palace, saying, 

" Come in, come in, 
Eternal glory thou shalt win." 

So he went in, and was clothed 
with such garments as they. 

Then Christian smiled, and 

pilgrim's progress. 45 

11 1 think verily I know the 
meaning of this." 

"Now," said Christian, "let 
me go hence." 

"Nay, stay," said the Inter- 
preter, "till I have showed thee 
a little more." 

So he took him by the hand 
again, and led him into a very 
dark room, where there sat a man 
in an iron cage. 

Now the man, to look on, seem- 
ed very sad ; he sat with his eyes 
looking down to the ground, his 
hands folded together, and he sigh- 
ed as if he would break his heart. 

Then said Christian, 

u What means this ?" 

At which the Interpreter bid 
him talk with the man. 

46 pilgrim's progress. 

Then said Christian to the man, 

"What art thou?" 

The man answered, 

u I was once a fair and flourish- 
ing professor, and had joy at the 
thoughts that I should get to the 
celestial city." 

Chr. " Well, but what art thou 

Man. " I am a man of despair, 
and am shut up in it, as in this 
iron cage." 

Chr. "But how earnest thou 
into this condition ?" 

Man. "I left off to watch and 
be sober: I sinned against light, 
and the goodness of God ; I have 
grieved the Spirit, and he is gone ; 
I tempted the devil, and he 
is come to me ; I have provoked 

pilgrim's progress. 47 

God to anger, and he has left me : 
I have so hardened my heart, that 
I cannot repent." 

Then said Christian to the Inter- 

' ' But is there no hope for such 
a man as this?" 

4 'Ask him," said the Interpre- 

Then said Christian, 

"Is there no hope, but you 
must be kept in the iron cage of 

" No, none at all." 

Chr. "Why, the Son of the 
Blessed is very pitiful." 

Man. "I have crucified him 
afresh ; I have despised his per- 
son, and his righteousness ; I 
have counted his blood an unholy 

48 pilgrim's progress. 

thing ; I have done despite to the 
Spirit of grace, therefore I have 
shut myself out of all the pro- 
mises, and there now remains to 
me nothing but threatening*, 
which shall devour me as an ad- 

Chr. ' ' For what did you bring 
yourself into this condition?" 

Man. " For the lusts, pleasures, 
and profits of this world ; but now 
every one of those things bites me, 
and gnaws me like a burning 

Chr. "But canst thou not re- 
pent and turn?" 

Man. * l God hath denied me re- 
pentance ; yea, himself hath shut 
me up in this iron cage : nor can 
all the men in the world let me 

pilgrim's progress. 49 

out. Oh. eternity, eternity! how 
shall I grapple with the misery 
that I must meet with in eternity ?" 

Then said the Interpreter to 

" Let this man's misery be re- 
membered by thee, and be an 
everlasting caution to thee." 

< 'Well," said Christian, " this 
is fearful ! Glod help me to watch 
and to be sober, and to pray that 
I may shun the cause of this man's 
misery. Sir, is it not time for 
me to go on my way now?" 

Inter. " Tarry till I shall show 
thee one thing more, and then 
thou shalt go on thy way." 

So he took Christian by the 
hand again, and led him into a 
chamber where there was one ris- 

50 pilgrim's progress. 

ing out of bed ; and as tie put on 
his raiment, he shook and trem- 

Then said Christian, 

11 Why doth this man thus 
tremble?" The Interpreter then 
bid him tell to Christian the rea- 
son of his doing so. 

So he began, and said, 

"This night, as I was in my 
sleep, I dreamed, and behold the 
heavens grew exceeding black ; 
also it thundered and lightened, 
that it put me into an agony. So 
I looked up in my dream, and saw 
the clouds rack at an unusual 
rate ; upon which I heard a great 
sound of a trumpet, and saw also 
a man sitting upon a cloud, at- 
tended with the thousands of 

pilgrim's progress. 51 

heaven : they were all in flaming 
fire ; also the heavens were in a 
burning flame. 

11 1 heard then a voice, saying, 
* Arise, ye dead, and come to 
judgment.' And with that the 
rocks rent, the graves opened, 
and the dead that were therein 
came forth: some of them were 
exceeding glad, and looked up- 
ward ; and some sought to hide 
themselves under the mountains. 

"Then I saw the man that sat 
upon the cloud open the book, 
and bid the world draw near. I 
heard it also proclaimed to them 
that attended on the man that sat 
on the cloud, ■ Gather together 
the tares, the chaff, and stubble, 
and cast them into the burning 

52 pilgrim's progress. 

lake. ' And with that the bottom- 
less pit opened, just whereabou* 
I stood ; out of the mouth of 
which there came smoke, and 
coals of fire, with hideous noises. 
It was also said to the same per- 
sons, ' G-ather my wheat into the 
garner.' And with that I saw 
many catched up and carried away 
into the clouds, but I was left be- 
hind. I also sought to hide my- 
self, but I could not, for the man 
that sat upon the cloud still kept 
his eye upon me ; my sins also 
came into my mind, and my con- 
science did accuse me on every 
side. Upon this I awoke from 
my sleep." 

Chr. '-But what was it that 
made you so afraid of this sight ?" 

pilgrim's progress. 53 

Man. " Why, I thought that the 
day of judgment was come, and 
that I was not ready for it : but 
this frightened me most, that the 
angels left me behind. My con- 
science too afflicted me ; and I 
thought, the Judge had always hi3 
eye upon me, showing indignation 
in his countenance." 

Then said the Interpreter to 

1 ' Hast thou considered all these 
things ! ' ' 

Chr. " Yes, and they put me in 
hope and fear." 

Inter. " Well, keep all things so 
in thy mind, that they may be as 
a goad in thy sides, to urge thee 
torward in the way thou must 

54 pilgrim's progress. 

Now Christian began to get 
ready to go on his jonrney. 

Then said the Interpreter, ' ' The 
Comforter be always with thee, 
good Christian, to guide thee in 
the way that leads to the city." 

So Christian went on his way, 

'• Here I have seen things rare and pro- 

Things pleasant, dreadful, things to mako 
me stable 

In what I have begun to take in hand : 

Then let me think on them, and under- 

Wherefore they showed me were, and let 
me be 

Thankful, good Interpreter, to thee," 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
the highway up which Christian 
was to go, was fenced with a wall, 

pilgrim's progress. 55 

Christian loses his Burden. 

pilgrim's progress. 57 

called Salvation. Up this way, 
therefore, did burdened Christian 
run, but with difficulty, because 
of the load on his back. 

He ran thus till he came at a 
place somewhat ascending ; and 
upon that place stood a cross, and 
a little below, in the bottom, a 

So I saw in my dream, that 
just as Christian came up with 
the cross, his burden loosed from 
off his shoulders, and fell from off 
his back, and began to tumble, and 
so continued to do, till it came to 
the mouth of the sepulchre, where 
it fell in, and I saw it no more. 

Then was Christian glad and 
lightsome, and said with a merry 

58 pilgrim's progress. 

1 i He hath, given me rest by his 
sorrow, and life by his death." 

Then he stood still awhile, to look 
and wonder ; for it was very sur- 
prising to him that the sight of 
the cross should thus ease him of 
his burden. He looked, therefore, 
and looked again, even till the 
tears ran down his cheeks. 

Now as he stood looking and 
weeping, behold, three Shining 
Ones came to him, and saluted 
him with, " Peace be to thee." 

So the first said to him, " Thy 
sins be forgiven thee." The 
second stripped him of his rags, 
and clothed him with change of 
raiment. The third also set a 
mark on Ms forehead, and gave 
him a roll with a seal upon it, 

pilgrim's progress. 59 

which he hid him look on as he 
ran, and that he should give it in 
at the celestial gate ; so they went 
their way. 

Then Christian gave three leaps 
for joy, and went on singing, 

"Tims far did I come laden with my sin, 
Kor could aught ease the grief that I was 

Till I came hither. What a place is this ! 
Must here he the "beginning of my Miss ? 
Must here the burden fall from off my 

Must here the strings that bound it to me 

crack ? 
Blest cross ! blest sepulchre ! blest rather, 

The Man that there was put to shame for 


I saw then in my dream, that 
he went on thus even until he 
came at the bottom, where he saw, 

60 pilgrim's progress. 

a little out of the way, three men 
fast asleep with fetters upon their 
heels. The name of one was 
Simple, of another Sloth, and of 
the third Presumption. 

Christian seeing them lie went 
to awake them, and cried, You are 
like them that sleep on the top of 
a mast, for the Dead Sea is under 
you, a gulf that hath no bottom : 
awake, therefore, and come away. 
He also told them, If he that 
goeth about like a roaring lion, 
comes by, you will certainly be- 
come a prey to his teeth. With 
that they looked upon him, and 
began to reply in this sort : 
Simple said, ' ' I see no danger. ' ' 
Sloth said, " Yet a little more 



Simple, Sloth, and Presumption, 

pilgrim's progress. 63 

And Presumption said, " Every 
tnb must stand upon its own bot- 

And so they lay down to sleep 
again, and Christian went on his 
way, feeling much troubled about 

And as he went along he es- 
pied two men come tumbling over 
the wall, on the left hand of the 
narrow way ; and they made up 
apace to him. The name of the 
one was Formalist, and the name 
of the other Hypocrisy. So they 
drew up to him, and entered into 

They soon showed by their talk, 
as they had already done by their 
climbing over the wall instead 
of coming in at the Wicket- gate, 

64 pilgrim's progress. 

that they were no true pil- 

They even laughed at what 
Christian told them of his exper- 
ience ; so he withdrew from them 
and walked on by himself. He 
would also often read in the roll 
that one of the Shining Ones gave 
him, by which he was greatly re- 
freshed. I beheld then, that they 
all went on till they came to the 
foot of the hill Difficulty, at the 
bottom of which there was a 
spring. There were also at this 
place two other ways besides that 
which came straight from the gate : 
one turned to the left hand, an 1 
the other to the right ; but the 
narrow way lay right up the hill 
Difficulty. Christian now went to 

pilgrim's progress. 65 

tlie spring, and drank thereof to 
refresh himself, and then began 
to go np the hill, saying, 

11 The hill, though high I covet to ascend ; 
The difficulty will not me offend ; 
For I perceive the way to life lies here : 
Come, pluck up heart, let's neither faint 

nor fear. 
Better, though difficult, the right way to 

Than wrong, though easy, where the end 

is woe." 

The others also came to the foot 
of the hill, But when they saw 
that the hill was steep and high, 
and that there were two other 
ways to go ; they resolved to go 
in those ways. Now the name of 
oae of those ways was Danger, 
and of the other Destruction. 

So the one took the way called 

66 pilgrim's progress. 

Danger, which, led him into a 
great wood ; and the other took 
directly up the way to Destruction, 
which led him into a wide field, 
full of dark mountains, where he 
stumbled and fell, and rose no 

I looked then after Christian, 
to see him go up the hill, where 
he went from running to walking, 
and from walking to clambering 
upon his hands and his knees, be- 
cause of the steepness of the place. 

Now about the midway to the 
top of the hill was a pleasant 
Arbour, made by the Lord of the 
hill for the refreshment of weary 
travellers. Thither, therefore, 
Christian got, where also he sat 
down to rest. Then he pulled his 

pilgrim's progress. 67 

Christian in the arbour. 

pilgrim's progress. 69 

roll out of his bosom, and read 
therein. He also now began 
afresh to take a review of the coat 
or garment that was given to him 
as he stood by the cross. Thus 
pleasing himself awhile, he at 
last fell into a slumber, and thence 
into a sound sleep, which detained 
him in that place until it was al- 
most night ; and in his sleep his 
roll fell out of his hand. 

Now, as he was sleeping, there 
came one to him, and awaked him, 
saying, * ' Go to the ant, thou 
sluggard ; consider her ways, and 
be wise." And with that Chris- 
tian suddenly started up, and 
sped him on his way, and went 
apace till he came to the top of 
the hill. 

70 pilgrim's progress. 

Now when he was got up to the 
top of the hill, there came two 
men running amain ; the name of 
the one was Timorous, and of the 
other Mistrust : to whom Christian 

" Sirs, what's the matter ? you 
run the wrong way. ' ' 

They were in great terror and 
affright, and Mistrust said, 

' ' A couple of lions lie in the 
way, whether sleeping or waking 
we know not ; and we could not 
but think, if we came within reach, 
they would pull us in pieces." 

Then was Christian afraid, but 
he resolved still to go forward. 
So Mistrust and Timorous ran 
down the hill, and Christian went 
on his way. 

pilgrim's progress. 71 

But thinking again of what ' he 
had heard from the men, he felt 
in his bosom for his roll, that he 
might read therein and be comfort- 
ed ; but he felt and found it not. 
Then was Christian in great dis- 
tress, and knew not what to do. 
At last he bethought himself that 
he had slept in the arbour ; and fall- 
ing down upon his knees, he asked 
of God forgiveness for that foolish 
act, and then went back to look 
for his roll. As he went back, he 
kept carefully looking on this 
side and on that, all the way, 
if happily he might find it. 
He went thus till he came to the 
arbour where for a while he sat 
down and wept. At last, as 
Providence would have it, looking 

72 pilgrim's progress. 

sorrowfully down under the settle 
there he espied his roll ; with trem- 
bling haste he caught it up and 
put it into his bosom. But who 
can tell how joyful he was when 
he had gotten his roll again ? 

After he had given thanks to 
God for directing his eye to the 
place where it lay, with joy and 
tears he betook himself again to 
his journey. But 0, how nimbly 
did he go up the rest of the hill ! 
Yet before he got up, the sun 
went down upon Christian. Then 
he remembered what Mistrust and 
Timorous told him of the lions ; 
and he said to himself, M These 
beasts range in the night ; and if 
they should meet with me in the 
dark, how should I escape being 

pilgrim's progress. 73 

torn in pieces ! ' ' Thus lie went 
on his way. 

But while he was bewailing his 
unhappy state he lifted up his eyes 
and behold there was a very 
stately palace before him, the 
name of which was Beautiful, and 
it stood by the highway-side. 

So I saw in my dream that he 
made haste, that if possible he 
might get lodging there. Now 
before he had gone far, he entered 
into a very narrow passage, which 
was about a furlong off the porter ' s 
lodge ; and looking very narrowly 
before him as he went, he espied 
two lions in the way. 

The lions were chained, but he 
saw not the chains. Then he was 
afraid, and thought to go baok. 

74 pilgrim's progress. 

But the porter at the lodge, whose 
name was Watchful, seeing that 
Christian made a halt, cried unto 
him saying " Fear not the lions, 
for they are chained ; keep in the 
midst of the path, and no hurt 
shall come unto thee." 

Then I saw that he went on, 
trembling but taking good heed 
to the directions of the porter ; 
he heard them roar, but they did 
him no harm. Then he clapped 
his hands, and went on till he 
came to the gate. Then said 
Christian to the porter, 

' ; Sir, what house is this ? and 
may I lodge here to-night ?" 

The porter answered, "This 
house was built by the Lord of 
the hill, for pilgrims." The por- 

pilgrim's progress. 75 

^fPU } 

Lions in the path. 

pilgrim's progress. 77 

ter also asked whence he was, and 
whither he was going. 

After Christian had answered 
these and other questions, Watch- 
ful said he would call out one of 
the virgins of the place, who would 
according to their rules, if she 
liked his talk, admit him into the 
house. So he rang a bell, at the 
sound of which came out of the 
door a grave and beautiful damsel 
named Discretion, and asked why 
she was called. 

Then Watchful told her of 
Christian's desire, whereupon she 
fell into discourse with him ; — 
and shortly called out three more 
of the family, Prudence, Piety, 
and Charity, who after further 
talk with him, led him into the 

78 pilgrim's progress. 

family and many of them meeting 
him at the threshold of the house, 

" Come in thou blessed of the 
Lord ; this house was built by the 
Lord of the hill on purpose to 
entertain such pilgrims in." 

Then he bowed his head, and 
followed them into the house. So 
when he was come in and sat 
down, they gave him some re- 
freshment, and consented together 
that, until supper was ready, 
some of them should have some 
particular discourse with Chris- 
tian, for the best improvement of 
time ; and they appointed Piety, 
Prudence, and Charity to discourse 
with him. 

So they continued talking 

pilgrim's progress. 79 

together of such things as are 
nearest to the hearts of pilgrims, 
nntil supper was ready ; and 
Christian told them all that had 
happened to him on his way, 
and also of what he had learned 
since he started on pilgrimage. 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
thus they sat talking together 
until supper time. So then they 
sat down to meat. Now the table 
was furnished with fat things, and 
with wine well refined ; and all 
their talk at the table was about 
the Lord of the hill and his love 
to them ; and by what they said, 
I perceived that he had been a 
great warrior, and had fought with 
and slain him that had the power 
of death ; but not without great 

80 pilgrim's progress. 

danger to himself, which made 
me love him the more. 

Thus they discoursed together 
till late at night ; and after they 
had committed themselves to thei" 
Lord for protection, they retired 
to rest. 

The pilgrim they laid in a large 
npper chamber, whose window 
opened towards the sun-rising. 
The name of the chamber was 
Peace, where he slept till break 
of day, and then he awoke and 
sang a hymn of thanksgiving. 

So in the morning they told him 
that he should not depart till they 
had shown him the rarities of that 

And first they led him into the 
study, where they showed him 

pilgrim's progress. 81 

records of the greatest antiquity ; 
they showed him the pedigree of 
the Lord of the hill, that he was 
the Son of the Ancient of days, 
and came by eternal generation. 
Here also were more fully recorded 
the acts that he had done, and 
the names of many hundreds that 
he had taken into his service. 

Then they read to him also some 
of the worthy acts that some of 
his servants had done ; and after- 
wards from another part of the 
records where it was shown how 
willing their Lord was to receive 
into his favour any, even any, 
though they in time past had 
offered great affronts to him. 

The next day they took him, 
into the armoury, and showed him 

82 pilgrim's progress. 

what their Loi*4 had provided for 
pilgrims, as sword, shield, helmet, 
breastplate, and shoes that would 
not wear out. 

Then I saw in my dream, that 
on the morrow they desired him 
to stay till the next day also ; and 
said ' ' We will, if the day be clear, 
show you the Delectable Moun- 
tains ; " so he consented and stayed. 

When the morning was up, 
they took him to the top of the 
house, and bade him look south. 
So he did, and behold, at a great 
distance, he saw a most pleasant 
mountainous country, beautified 
with woods, vineyards, fruits of 
all sorts, flowers also, with springs 
and fountains, very delectable to 

pilgrim's progress. 83 

Then he asked the name of the 
country. They said, "It is Im- 
manuel's land ; and it is common 
to and for all pilgrims. And 
when thou comest there, from 
thence thou mayest see to the 
gate of the celestial city, as the 
shepherds that live there will 
make appear." 

Now he bethought himself of 
setting forward. So they took 
him again into the armoury and 
harnessed him from head to foot 
with armour that was of proof. 

He being therefore thus accout- 
red, walked out with his friends 
to the gate ; and there he asked 
the porter if he saw any pilgrims 
pass by. Then the porter an- 
swered, Yes. 


"Pray, did you know him?" 
said Christian. 

' ' I asked his name, and he told 
me it was Faithful." 

* ' 0, " said Christian, ' ' I know 
him ; he is my townsman, my 
near neighbour. How far do you 
think he may be before ?" 

Porter. " He is got by this time 
below the hill." 

1 ' Well, ' ' said Christian, ' ' good 
porter, the Lord be with thee, and 
add to all thy blessings much in- 
crease for the kindness that thou 
hast showed me." 

Then he began to go forward ; 
but Discretion, Piety, Charity, and 
Prudence went with him down 
the hill. 

Then said Christian, "As it was 

pilgrim's progress. 85 

difficult coming up, so, I see, it 
is dangerous going down." 

"Yes," said Prudence, "it is 
a hard matter for a man to go 
down into the valley of Humilia- 
tion, and catch no slip by the way ; 
therefore we are come out to ac- 
company thee." So he began 
to go down, but very warily ; yet 
he caught a slip or two. 

Then I saw in my dream, that 
when Christian was got down to 
the bottom of the hill, they gave 
him a loaf of bread, a bottle of 
wine, and a cluster of raisins ; 
and then he went on his way. 

But now, in this valley of Hu- 
miliation, poor Christian was hard 
put to it ; for he had gone but a 
little way before he espied a foul 

86 pilgrim's progress. 

fiend coining over the field to 
meet Mm : his name was Apollyon. 

Then did Christian begin to be 
afraid, and to cast in his mind 
whether to go back, or to stand 
his gronnd. But he considered 
again, that he had no armour 
for his back, therefore he re- 
solved to venture and stand his 

So he went on, and Apollyon 
met him. Now the monster was 
hideous to behold : he was clothed 
with scales like a fish ; he had 
wings like a dragon, and feet like 
a bear, and out of his belly came 
fire and smoke, and his mouth 
was as the mouth of a lion. 

When he was come up to 
Christian, he beheld him with a 

pilgrim's progress. 87 

disdainful countenance, and began 
to question him. 

" Whence came you, and whi- 
ther are you bound ? ' ' 

" I am come from the city of 
Destruction, which is the place of 
all evil, and I am going to the 
city of Zion, ' ' replied Christian. 

Then Apollyon laid claim to 
him, and abused the Prince, under 
whom Christian served. He up- 
braided Pilgrim with all the mis- 
haps of his journey, and told him 
he should proceed no farther, and 
broke out into a grievous rage. 

So Apollyon straddled himself 
quite over the whole breadth of 
the way, and said to him, 

"Prepare thyself to die; for I 
swear by my infernal den, that 

88 pilgrim's progress. 

thou shalt go no farther: here 
will I spill thy soul." 

And with that he threw a flam- 
ing dart at his breast ; but Chris- 
tian had a shield in his hand, with 
which he caught it, and so pre- 
vented the danger of that. 

Then did Christian draw, for he 
saw it was time to bestir him ; 
and Apollyon as fast made at him, 
throwing darts as thick as hail ; 
so notwithstanding all Christian 
could do, Apollyon wounded him 
in his head, his hand, and foot. 
This made Christian give a little 
back : Apollyon, therefore, follow- 
ed his work amain, and Christian 
again took courage, and resisted 
as manfully as he could. 

This sore combat lasted for 

pilgrim's progress. 89 

above half a day, even till Chris- 
tian was almost quite spent. 

Then Apollyon, espying his op- 
portunity, began to gather up 
close to Christian, and wrestling 
with him, gave him a dreadful 
fall ; and with that Christian's 
sword flew out of his hand. Then 
said Apollyon, " I am sure of thee 
now : ' ' and with that he had al- 
most pressed him to death, so 
that Christian began to despair 
of life. 

But, as God would have it, 
while Apollyon was fetching his 
last blow, Christian nimbly reach- 
ed out his hand for his sword, 
and caught it, saying, ' ' Rejoice not 
against me, Omine enemy : when I 
fall, I shall arise ; ' ' and with that he 

90 pilgrim's progress. 

gave liim a deadly thrust, which 
made him give back, as one that 
had received his mortal wound. 

Christian perceiving that, made 
at him again, saying, ' ' Nay, in 
all these things we are more than 
conquerors, through Him that 
loved us." And with that Apoll- 
yon spread forth his dragon 
wings, and sped him away, that 
Christian saw him no more. 

In this combat no man can 
imagine, unless he had seen and 
heard, as I did, what yelling and 
hideous roaring Apollyon made ; 
he spoke like a dragon : and on 
the other side, what sighs and 
groans burst from Christian's 
heart. It was the most dreadful 
sight that ever I saw. 

pilgrim's progress. 91 

So when the battle was over, 
Christian said, ' ' I will here give 
thanks to Him that hath deliver- 
ed me out of the month of the 
lion, to him that did help me 
against Apollyon." And so he 

Then there came to him a 
hand with some of the leaves of 
the tree of life, which Christian 
took and applied to his wonnds, 
and was immediately healed. 

He also sat down in that place 
to eat bread, and to drink of the 
bottle that was given him a little 
before: so, being refreshed, he 
addressed himself to his journey 
with his sword drawn in his 

But he met with no other af- 

92 pilgrim's progress. 

front from Apollyon quite through 
this valley. 

Now at the end of this valley 
was another, called the Valley of 
the Shadow of Death ; and here 
Christian was worse put to it 
than in his fight with Apollyon. 

For when Christian was got to 
the borders of the Shadow of 
Death, there met him two men, 
making haste to go back. 

"Back! back!" they said, as 
they ran, * ' if either life or peace 
is prized by you." 

But Christian knowing that his 
path was straight ahead, did not 
heed their words. 

So they parted, and Christian 
went on his way, his sword still 
drawn in his hand. 

pilgrim's progress. 93 

Valley of the Shadow of Death. 

pilgrim's progress. 95 

I saw as far as this valley 
reached, there was on the right 
hand a very deep ditch; and 
again, on the left hand there was 
a very dangerous quag. 

The pathway was here also ex- 
ceeding narrow, so Christian, 
when he sought, in the dark, to 
shun the ditch, was ready to tip 
over into the mire; also, when 
he sought to escape the mire, he 
would be ready to fall into the 

Thus he went on, and I heard 
him here sigh bitterly ; for when 
he lifted up his foot to go forward, 
he knew not where or upon what 
he should set it next. 

About the midst of this valley 
I perceived the mouth of hell to 

96 pilgrim's progress. 

be, and it stood also hard by the 
wayside. Now, thought Chris- 
tian, what shall I do ? And ever 
and anon the flame and smoke 
would come out, with sparks and 
hideous noises — things that cared 
not for Christian's sword, as did 
Apollyon before — that he was 
forced to put up his sword, and 
betake himself to another weapon, 
called All-prayer : so he cried, in 
my hearing, "0 Lord, I beseech 
thee, deliver my soul." 

Thus he went on a great while. 

Sometimes he had half a thought 
to go back ; then again he thought 
he might be half-way through the 
valley. So he resolved to go on ; 
yet the fiends seemed to come 
nearer and nearer. But when 

pilgrim's progress. 97 

they were come even almost at 
him, he cried out with a most 
vehement voice, ' ' I will walk in 
the strength of the Lord God." 
So they gave back, and came no 

One thing I must mention. I 
took notice that now Christian 
was so confounded that he did 
not know his own voice, for when 
he was come near the mouth of 
the burning pit, one of the wicked 
ones got behind him, and whisper- 
ingly suggested many grievous 
blasphemies, which he verily 
thought had come from his own 
mind. This put Christian more 
to it than any thing before, even 
to think that he should now blas- 
pheme Him that he had loved so 

98 pilgrim's progress. 

much. Yet he had not the dis- 
cretion either to stop his ears, or 
to know from whence these blas- 
phemies came. 

When Christian had travelled 
in this disconsolate condition 
some considerable time, he 
thought he heard the voice of a 
man, as going before him, saying, 
' ' Though I walk through the 
valley of the Shadow of Death, I 
will fear no evil, for thou art with 

Then he was glad, for he hoped 
to have company by-and-by. So 
he went on, and called to him 
that was before ; but he knew not 
what to answer, for that he also 
thought himself to be alone. And 
by-and-by the day broke : then 

pilgrim's progress. 99 

said Christian, " He hath turned 
the shadow of death into the 

Now morning being come, he 
looked back to see, by the light 
of the day, what hazards he had 
gone through in the dark. 

Now was Christian much affect- 
ed with his deliverance from all 
the dangers he had passed. And 
about this time the sun was rising, 
and this was another mercy to 
Christian: for though the first 
part of the valley of the Shadow 
of Death was dangerous, yet this 
second part was, if possible, far 
more dangerous ; for, from the 
place where he now stood, to the 
end of the valley, it was all along 
set so full of snares, traps, gins, 

100 pilgrim's peogeess. 

and nets here, and so full of pits, 
pitfalls, deep holes, and shelv- 
ings-down there, that had it now 
been dark, had he had a thousand 
souls, they had in reason been 
cast away ; but, as I said, just 
now the sun was rising. In this 
light, therefore, he came to the 
end of the valley. 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
at the end of the valley lay blood, 
bones, ashes, and mangled bodies 
of men ; and while I was musing 
what should be the reason, I 
espied a little before me a cave, 
where two cruel giants, Pope and 
Pagan, dwelt in old times. But 
by this place Christian went with- 
out much danger, because that 
Pagan had been dead many a 

pilgrim's progress. 101 

day ; and the other was grown so 
crazy and stiff in his joints that 
he can do little more than sit in 
his cave's mouth, grinning at 
pilgrims as they go "by, and biting 
his nails because he cannot come 
at them. 

So he spoke to him, though he 
could not go after him, saying, 
1 ' You will never mend till more 
of you be burned." But he held 
his peace ; and so went by, and 
catched no hurt. Then sung 
Christian, joyful, at all his de- 

Now, as Christian went on, he 
came to a little ascent ; up which 
he went ; and loking forward, he 
saw Faithful before him. 

Then said Christian aloud, 

102 pilgrim's progress. 

"Ho, ho; so-ho; stay, and I 
will be your companion. ' ' 

At that Faithful looked behind 
him ; to whom Christian cried 

4 ' Stay, stay, till I come up to 

But Faithful answered, "No, I 
am upon my life, and the avenger 
of blood is behind me. ' ' 

At this Christian putting to all 
his strength, quickly got up with 
Faithful, and did also outrun him ; 
so the last was first. 

Then did Christian vain-glori- 
ously smile, but not taking good 
heed to his feet, he stumbled and 
fell, and could not rise again 
until Faithful came up to help 

pilgrim's progress. 103 

Faithful and Christian. 

pilgrim's progress. 105 

Then I saw in my dream, they 
went very lovingly on together, 
and had sweet discourse of all 
things that had happened to them 
in their pilgrimage. 

Faithful had been tried on his 
way with some temptations differ- 
ent from those that had assailed 
Christian. He did not fall into 
the slough of Despond, but he 
met with one whose name was 
Wanton ; — from her however he 
was mercifully preserved. 

Then, at the foot of the hill 
Difficulty there came up to him a 
very aged man, from the town of 
Deceit, who said his name was 
Adam the First, who offered him 
tempting wages to serve him. 
Faithful was sorely put to it, for 

106 pilgrim's progress. 

he spoke very fair, but looking on 
his forehead as he talked with him 
he saw written there, " Put off the 
old man with his deeds." So he 
turned away from him, but the 
old man gave him when he left, 
such a deadly twitch back, that 
Faithful said, "I thought he had 
pulled part of me after himself." 
When Faithful had gotten a 
good distance up the hill, about 
the place where the arbour was 
built, he saw one coming up very 
swiftly, after him. As soon as he 
got up to him he knocked him 
down for dead. When Faithful 
came to a little he asked him, 
wherefore he served him so. He 
said, because of his secret inclining 
to Adam the First. And so struck 

pilgrim's progress. 107 

him again, and beat Mm. Faithful 
cried for mercy but he showed him 
none. But One came by that 
bade him forbear. 

Christian asked, 

1 1 Who was that who bade him 
forbear. ' ' 

Faith. "I did not know him at 
first : but as he went by, I per- 
ceived the holes in his hands and 
in his side : then I concluded 
that he was our Lord. So I went 
up the hill." 

Chr. That man that overtook 
you was Moses. He spareth none ; 
neither knoweth he how to show 
mercy to those that transgress 
the law. 

Then Faithful told Christian, 
that he had met in the valley of 

108 pilgrim's progress. 

Humiliation with one Discontent 
who strove hard, but by the grace 
of God in vain, to get him to go 
back. And also with another, a 
bold faced impudent fellow called 
Shame, who could scarcely be got 
rid of, and who caused him great 
trouble. After parting with these, 
he had sunshine the rest of the 
way, and also through the valley 
of the Shadow of Death. 

Moreover I saw in my dream, 
that as they went on their way 
taking sweet counsel together, 
Faithful, as he chanced to look 
on one side, saw a man whose 
name was Talkative, walking a 
little off beside them ; for in this 
place there was room enough for 
them all to walk. He was a 

pilgrim's progress. 109 

tall man, and comely at a dis- 

Faithful soon hailed the man 
who was as to appearance, a 
brave pilgrim and he was mnch 
taken with him. His tongne was 
ready to discourse on any subject, 
and lie prated well about religion. 

But Christian who had some 
knowledge of him, kept himself 
aloof, at which Faithful began to 

Stepping up to Christian, Faith- 
ful asked him softly about their 
new companion. Then Christian 
told him what he knew of Talka- 
tive. That he was the son of one 
Say-well, and lived in Prating- 
Row in the town of Destruction, and 
that there was no true piety in him. 

110 pilgrim's progress. 

Faithful, thus put upon his 
guard, when he returned, spoke 
more warily, and bringing for- 
ward certain tests found that what 
Christian said was, alas, true. 
Talkative soon became offended 
at him, and of his own choice 
withdrew from his company. 

Then up came Christian, and 
said to his brother, 

1 ' I told you how it would hap- 
pen ; your words and his lusts 
could not agree. He had rather 
leave your company than reform 
his life. But he is gone, as I 
said : let him go ; the loss is no 
man's but his own. He has 
saved us the trouble of going from 
him ; for he would have been but 
a blot in our company ; besides, 

pilgrim's progress. Ill 

In sight of Vanity-town. 

pilgrim's progress. 113 

the apostle says, ' From such 
withdraw thyself.' " 

Faith. But I am glad we had 
this little discourse with him ; it 
may happen that he will think of 
it again : however, I have dealt 
plainly with him, and so am clear 
of his blood if he perisheth." 

Thus they went on, talking of 
what they had seen by the way. 
and so made that way easy which 
would otherwise no doubt have 
been tedious to them, for now 
they went through a wilderness. 

Now when they were got almost 
out of this wilderness, Faithful 
cast his eye back, and espied 
Evangelist coming after them, at 
which they both were glad. 

So after Evangelist had come 

114 pilgrim's progress. 

up and kindly saluted them, he 

11 How hath it fared with you 
my friends since our last parting ? ' ' 

Then Christian and Faithful 
told him of all that had happened 
to them ; and how and with what 
difficulty they had arrived to that 

" Right glad am I," said Evan- 
gelist, "not that you have met 
with trials, but that you have 
been victors, and have notwith- 
standing many weaknesses, con- 
tinued in the way to this very day. ' ' 

He then spoke of other trials 
that awaited them ; and told them 
that soon they would be sore put 
to it, in the town of Vanity 
which was just before them, and 

pilgrim's progress. 115 

through, which their pathway 

Then I saw that when they 
were come out of the wilder- 
ness, the town of Vanity lay 
before them ; and at the town 
there is a fair kept all the year 
long, called Vanity Fair : a fair 
wherein all sorts of vanity are 

Now the pilgrims, must needs 
go through this fair. Well, be- 
hold, even as they entered into 
the fair, all the people were moved 
and the town itself was as it were 
in a hubbub about them. 

The clothing and speech of the 
pilgrims were all unlike that of 
those who dealt at the fair : fur- 
thermore they set no value upon 

116 pilgrim's progress. 

their wares. Those who traded 
there looked upon them with 
contempt, as though they were 
men not of sane mind, and scoffed 
and jeered at them. 

One chanced, mockingly, to ask 
them, " What will ye buy ?" But 
they looking gravely upon him, 
said, "We buy the truth." At 
last, things came to a great stir 
in the fair, so that all order was 
gone. Now was word brought 
to the great one of the fair, who 
quickly came down, and deputed 
some of his most trusty friends 
to take these men into exam- 

So the men were brought before 
them, and being roughly ques- 
tioned were afterwards beaten 

pilgrim's progress. 117 

Vanity Fair. 

pilgrim's progress. 119 

and then besmeared with dirt, 
and put into a cage, that they 
might be made a spectacle to 
all the men of the fair. There, 
therefore, they lay for some time, 
and were made the objects of 
sport, or malice, or revenge ; the 
great one of the fair laughing still 
at all that befell them. But the 
men being patient, and giving 
good words for bad, and kindness 
for injuries, some in the fair thai 
were less prejudiced, began to 
check and blame the baser sort 
for the abuses done to the men. 

These angrily retorted ; — and 
thus, after divers words had passed 
on both sides, they fell to some 
blows among themselves. 

Then were these two poor men 


brought before their examiners 
again, and were charged as being 
guilty of the new hubbub in the 
fair. So they beat them pitifully 
and hanged irons upon them, and 
led them in chains up and down 
the fair. 

Now Christian and Faithful be- 
haved themselves so wisely, and 
received the ignominy and shame 
that was cast upon them with so 
much meekness and patience, 
that it won to their side, several 
of the men in the fair, though 
but few in comparison of the rest. 
This put the other party into 
a greater rage, insomuch that 
they now determined upon their 

Then were they put into the 

pilgrim's progress. 121 

cage again, and their feet made 
fast in the stocks. 

A convenient time being appoin- 
ted, they were brought forth to 
trial, in order to their condemna- 
tion. The j udge ' s name was Lord 
Hate-good ; their indictment was 
the same in substance, though 
somewhat varying in form ; the 
contents whereof was this ; ' ' That 
they were enemies to, and distur- 
bers of, the trade ; that they had 
made commotions and divisions in 
the town, and had won a party to 
their own most dangerous opin- 
ions, in contempt of the law of 
their prince." 

As might be supposed the judg- 
ment of this wicked court went 
against Faithful, whose life was 

122 pilgrim's progress. 

the first that was sought; so a 
verdict was brought iu against 
him, of guilty of death. 

Therefore he was presently con- 
demned to be led from the place 
where he was to the place from 
whence he came, and there to be 
put to the most cruel death that 
could be invented. 

They then brought him out, to 
do with him according to their 
law ; and first they scourged, then 
they buffeted him, then they lan- 
ced his flesh with knives ; after 
that they stoned him with stones, 
then pricked him with their 
swords ; and, last of all, they 
burned him to ashes at the stake. 
Thus came Faithful to his end. 

Now I saw that there stood be- 

pilgrim's progress. 123 

Jcoffing at Faithful and Christian, 

pilgrim's progress. 125 

hind the multitude a chariot and 
couple of horses waiting for 
Faithful, who so soon as his ad- 
versaries had dispatched him, 
was taken up into it, and straight- 
way was carried up through the 
clouds with sound of trumpet, 
the nearest way to the Celestial 

But, as for Christian, he had 
some respite, and was remanded 
back to prison ; so he there re- 
mained for a space. But he who 
overrules all things, having the 
power of their rage in his own 
hand, so brought it about that 
Christian for that time escaped 
them and went his way. 

And as lie went on his way 
he sang. 

126 pilgrim's progress, 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
Christian went not forth alone ; 
for there was one whose name was 
Hopeful — being so made by the be- 
holding of the behaviour of Chris- 
tian and Faithful, — who joined 
himself unto him, and told him 
that he would be his companion. 
This Hopeful also told Christian 
that there were many more of the 
men in the fair that would take 
their time and follow after. 

So I saw, that soon after they 
were got out of the fair, they 
overtook one that was going on 
briskly before them, whose name 
was By-ends ; but with him they 
did not long keep company, for 
they found that he, like many 
others they had met with, was 

pilgrim's progress. 127 

only a pilgrim in name. By-ends 
was one who did not stand up for 
Religion when in rags and con- 
tempt, hut was zealous only when 
he walks in his silver slippers, in 
the sunshine, and with applause. 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
after Christian and Hopeful for- 
sook him, and kept their distance 
three men came up with him ; 
their names were, Mr. Hold-the- 
world, Mr. Money-love and Mr. 

So after saluting each other in 
a friendly manner, these men fell 
into a discourse about Christian 
and Hopeful, wherein they came to 
the conclusion that they were most 
unwise and fanatical, and hasten- 
ing after them, endeavoured to per- 

128 pilgrim's progress. 

suade them to adopt their princi- 
ples of holding on to the world with 
one hand, while they grasped at 
heaven with the other. Bnt in a 
few words, drawn from the Holy 
Writings, Christian put them to 
silence. So they stood staring 
one upon another, but had not 
wherewith to answer Christian. 
Hopeful also approved of Chris- 
tian's answer ; so there was a 
great silence among them. 

Mr. By-ends and his company 
staggered and kept behind, so that 
Christian and Hopeful might 
outgo them. Then said Christian 
to his fellow, "If these men can- 
not stand before the sentence of 
men, what will they do with the 
sentence of God?" 

pilgrim's progress. 129 

Then Christian and Hopeful 
outwent them again, and went 
till they came to a delightful plain, 
called Ease, where they went with 
much content ; hut that plain was 
but narrow, so they quickly got 
over it. 

Now at the farther side of that 
plain was a little hill, called 
Lucre, and in that hill a silver 
mine, which some that had for- 
merly gone that way, had turned 
aside to see ; but going too near 
the brim of the pit, the ground, 
being deceitful under them, broke, 
and they were slain : some also 
had been maimed there, and 
were not restored again to their 
dying day. 

Then I saw in my dream that 

130 pilgrim's progress. 

a little off the road, over against 
the silver mine, stood Demas, 
gentleman-like, to call passengers 
to come and see. 

He called ont to Christian and 
his fellow ; now Hopeful was dis- 
posed to go hut Christian held 
him hack — so they passed on 
their way. 

By this time By-ends and his 
companions were come again 
within sight, and at the first heck 
went over to Demas. Now, 
whether they fell into the pit, or 
whether they went down to dig, 
or whether they were smothered 
hy the damps that commonly rise 
from these things, I am not cer- 
tain ; hut this I observed, that they 
were never again seen in the way. 

pilgrim's progress. 131 

Now I saw that just on the other 
side of this plain the pilgrims 
came to an old monument. The 
form was as if it had been a woman 
transformed into the shape of a 
pillar. Upon it they looked and 
looked, a long while. At last 
Hopeful espied, written upon the 
head thereof, a writing ; but he 
being no scholar, called to Chris- 
tian, to see if he could pick out 
the meaning: so, after a little 
laying of letters together, he found 
the same to be this, " Remember 
Lot's wife." After which they 
concluded that it was the pillar 
of salt into which Lot's wife was 
turned. Which sudden and am- 
azing sight gave them occasion 
for some profitable discourse. 

132 pilgrim's progress. 

I saw then that they went on 
their way to a pleasant river, even 
" the river of the water of life." 

Now their way lay just upon the 
bank of this river ; here they 
walked with great delight ; they 
drank also of the water of the river, 
which was pleasant and enlivening 
to their weary spirits . Besides, on 
the banks, were green trees with 
all manner of fruit ; and the leaves 
they ate healed diseases that are 
incident to those that heat their 
blood by travel. On either side 
of the river was also a meadow, 
curiously beautified with lilies ; 
and it was green all the year long, 
and here they might lie down 
safely. When they awoke they 
gathered fruit of the trees, and 

pilgrim's progress 133 

drank again of the water of the 
river, and then lay down again to 
sleep. Thus they did several 
days and nights. 

So when they were disposed to 
go on — for they were not as yet 
at their journey's end, they ate and 
drank and departed. 

Now they had not journeyed 
far, when the river and the way 
for a time parted, at which they 
were sorry, yet they durst not go 
out of the way. The way from the 
river was rough, and their feet 
tender, so the pilgrims were dis- 
couraged. Wherefore, as they 
went on, they wished for a better 
way. Now, on the left hand of 
the road was a meadow, and a stile 
to go over into it, called By-path 

134 pilgrim's progress. 

meadow. After some debate with 
themselves, and seeing that a 
path lay along by the way on the 
other side of the fence, Christian 
leading the way, they went over 
the stile, and found the road very 
easy to their feet. 

Soon looking before them, they 
espied a man walking as they did, 
and his name was Vain-Confidence. 
So they asked him whither that 
way led. He said, To the Celes- 
tial gate. So they followed, and 
he went before them. But behold 
the night came on, and it grew 
very dark ; so that they lost the 
sight of him that went before. 

Now Vain-Confidence not seeing 
the way fell into a deep pit, 
which was on purpose to catch 

pilgrim's progress. 135 

vain-glorious fools, and was dash- 
ed in pieces with his fall. 

Christian and his fellow heard 
him fall. So they called, but 
there was none to answer, only 
they heard a groaning. And now 
it began to rain, and thunder, and 
lighten, in a most dreadful manner, 
and the water rose amain. 

Then were Christian and Hope- 
ful alarmed, and lamented that 
they had gone out of the right 
way. Still they adventured to go 
back: but it was so dark, and 
the flood was so high, that in 
their going back they had like to 
have been drowned. 

Neither could they, get again 
to the stile that night. Where- 
fore at last, lighting under a little 

136 pilgrim's progress. 

shelter, they sat down there till 
the day broke ; but being weary, 
they fell asleep. 

Now there was not far from the 
place where they lay, a castle, 
called Doubting Castle, the owner 
whereof was Giant Despair, and 
it was in his grounds they now 
were sleeping ; wherefore he, get- 
ting up in the morning early, and 
walking up and down in his fields 
caught Christian and Hopeful 
asleep in his grounds. 

Then with a grim and surly 
voice he bade them awake, and 
asked them whence they were, 
and what they did in his grounds. 
They told him they were pilgrims 
and that they had lost their 

pilgrim's progress. 137 

Then said the giant, 

" You have this night tres- 
passed on me by trampling in and 
lying on my grounds, and there- 
fore you must go along with me." 

So they were forced to go, be- 
cause he was stronger than they. 
They also had but little to say, 
for they knew themselves in a 
fault. The giant, therefore, drove 
them before him, and put them 
into his castle, into a very dark 
dungeon. Here, then, they lay 
from Wednesday morning till 
Saturday night without one bit 
of bread or drop of drink, or light, 
or any to ask how they did ; they 
were, therefore, here in evil case, 
and were far from friends and ac- 

138 pilgrim's progress. 

Now Giant Despair had a wife, 
named Diffidence : so when he 
was gone to bed he asked her 
what he had best do to them. She 
counselled him to beat them with- 
out mercy. So when he arose, 
he getteth him a grievous crab- 
tree cudgel, and goes down into 
the dungeon to them, and there 
first falls to rating of them as if 
they were dogs. Then he falls 
upon them, and beats them fear- 
fully, so that they were not able 
to help themselves, or to turn 
them upon the floor. This done, 
he withdraws, and leaves them 
to their misery ; so all that day 
they spent their time in nothing 
but sighs and bitter lamentations. 

The next night, she, talking 

pilgrim's progress. 139 

again with, her husband, and 
understanding that they were yet 
alive, did advise him to counsel 
them to make away with them- 
selves. So in the morning he 
goes to them in a surly manner, 
and told them, that since they 
were never like to come out of 
that place, their only way would 
be forthwith to make an end to 
themselves, either with knife, 
halter, or poison ; for why, said 
he, should you choose to live, see- 
it is attended with so much bitter- 

But they desired him to let 
them go. With that he looked 
ugly upon them, and rushing to 
them, had doubtless made an end 
of them himself, but that he fell 

140 pilgeim's progress. 

into one of his fits, for lie some- 
times in sunshiny weather fell 
into fits, and lost for a time the 
use of his hands: wherefore he 
withdrew, and left them as before 
to consider what to do. Then 
did the prisoners consult between 
themselves whether it was best to 
take his counsel or no. 

Poor Christian felt completely 
crushed, but Hopeful comforted 
him. So they continued together 
in the dark that day, in a sad and 
doleful condition. 

Well, towards evening the giant 
goes down again, to see if his 
prisoners had taken his counsel 
But when he came there he found 
them alive ; and truly, alive was 
all ; for now, for want of bread 

pilgrim's progress. 141 

and water, and by reason of the 
wounds they received, they conld 
do little but breathe. But I say, 
he found them alive ; at which 
he fell into a grievous rage, and 
told them, that seeing they had 
disobeyed his counsel, it should 
be worse with them than if they 
had never been born. 

At this they trembled greatly, 
and I think that Christian fell 
into a swoon ; but coming a little 
to, they renewed their discourse 
about the giant's counsel, and 
whether yet they had best take it 
or no. Now Christian again seem- 
ed for doing it ; but Hopeful made 
strongly against it. 

Night being come again, and 
the giant and his wife in bed, she 

142 pilgrim's progress. 

asked him of the prisoners : to 
which he replied, ' ' They are sturdy 
rogues ; they choose rather to 
bear all hardships than to make 
away with themselves." 

Then said she, ' c Take them into 
the castle-yard to-morrow, and 
show them the bones and skulls 
of those that thou hast already 
killed and make them believe, 
ere a week comes to an end, thou 
wilt tear them in pieces, as thou 
hast done those." 

So when the morning was come 
the giant did as his wife had bid- 
den him, and said : — ' 'And so with- 
in ten days I will do to you ; get 
you down to your den again." 
And with that he beat them all 
the way thither. 

pilgrim's progress. 143 

Dungeon of Giant Despair. 

pilgrim's progress. 145 

They lay, therefore, all day on 
Saturday in a lamentable case, as 
before. Now, when night was 
come, Mrs. Diffidence and her 
husband began to renew their 
discourse of their prisoners ; and 
the old giant wondered that he 
could neither by blows nor coun- 
sel bring them to an end. With 
that his wife replied, " I fear that 
they live in hopes that some will 
come to relieve them ; or that 
they have picklocks about them 
by means of which they hope to 

1 ' And sayest thou so, my dear ? ' ' 
said the giant; " I will therefore 
search them in the morning." 

Well, on Saturday, about mid- 
night, they began to pray, and 

146 pilgrim's progress. 

continued in prayer till almost 
"break of day. 

Now, a little before it wa3 day, 
good Christian, as one half amazed 
broke out in this passionate 
speech : — 

1 ' What a fool am I, thus to 
lie in a noisome dungeon, when 
I may as well walk at liberty ? I 
have a key in my bosom called 
Promise, that will, I am persuad- 
ed, open any lock in Doubting 

Then said Hopeful, " That is 
good news ; good brother, pluck 
it out of thy bosom, and try." 

Then Christian pulled it out of 
his bosom, and began to try at 
the dungeon-door, whose bolt, as 
he turned the key, gave back, 

pilgrim's progress. 147 

and the door flew open with ease, 
and Christian and Hopeful both 
came out. Then he went to the 
outward door that leads into the 
castle-yard, and with his key 
opened that door also. After that 
he went to the iron gate, for that 
must be opened too ; but that 
lock went desperately hard, yet 
the key did open it. 

Then they thrust open the gate 
to make their escape with speed ; 
but that gate, as it opened, made 
such a creaking that it waked 
Giant Despair, who hastily rising 
to pursue them, felt his limbs to 
fail, for his fits took him again. 
Then they went on, and came to 
the King's highway, and so were 

148 pilgrim's progress. 

Now, when they were gone 
over the stile, they began to con- 
trive what they should do to pre- 
vent those that shall come after 
from falling into the hand of 
Giant Despair. So they erected 
there a pillar, and engraved upon 
the side thereof this sentence: 

1 ' Over this stile is the way to 
Doubting Castle, which is kept by 
Giant Despair, who despiseth the 
King of the Celestial country, 
and seeks to destroy his holy 
pilgrims." Many, therefore, that 
followed after, read what was 
written, and escaped the danger. 

Then they went on till they 
came to the Delectable Mountains, 
which mountains belong to the 
Lord of that hill of which we 

pilgrim's progress. 149 

have before spoken. So they 
went up to the mountains, to be- 
hold the gardens and orchards, 
the vineyards and fountains of 
water ; where also they drank 
and washed themselves, and did 
freely eat of the vineyards. 

Now there were on the tops of 
these mountains shepherds feeding 
their flocks, and they stood by 
the highway side. The pilgrims, 
therefore, went to them, and 
leaning upon their staffs, as is 
common with weary pilgrims 
when they stand to talk with any 
by the way, they asked. 

1 1 Whose Delectable mountains 
are these ; and whose are the 
sheep that feed upon them ?" 

Shep. "These mountains are 

150 pilgrim's progress. 

Emmanuel's land, and they are 
within sight of his city ; and the 
sheep are also his, and he laid 
down his life for them." 

I saw also in my dream, that 
when the shepherds perceived 
that they were wayfaring men, 
chey also put questions to them. 
And when the shepherds heard 
cheir answers, being pleased 
therewith, they looked very lov- 
ingly upon them, and said, 

"Welcome to the Delectable 

The shepherds, whose names 
were Knowledge, Experience, 
Watchful, and Sincere, had them 
to their tents, and made them par- 
take of what they had. They 
said moreover, 

pilgrim's progress. 151 

1 ' We would that you should 
stay here a while to solace your- 
selves with the good of these 
Delectable Mountains. ' ' 

Then they told them that they 
were content to stay. So they 
went to their rest that night, be- 
cause it was very late. 

Then I saw in my dream that 
in the morning the shepherds 
called up Christian and Hopeful 
to walk with them upon the 
mountains. So they went forth 
with them, and walked a while 
having a pleasant prospect on 
every side. Then said the shep- 
herds one to another, ' ' Shall we 
show these pilgrims some won- 

So when they had concluded to 

152 pilgrim's progress. 

do it, they led them first to the 
top of a hill called Error, which 
was very steep, and bid them look 
down to the bottom. So Christian 
and Hopeful looked down, and 
saw at the bottom several men 
dashed to pieces by a fall they had 
from the top. 

Then said Christian, 
" What meaneth this ? " 
The shepherds answered, 
" Have you not heard of them 
that were made to err, by heark- 
ening to Hymeneus and Philetus, 
concerning the faith of the re- 
surrection of the body ? ' ' 
They answered, "Yes." 
Then said the shepherds, 
1 ' Those that you see lie dashed 
in pieces unburied, at the bottom 

pilgrim's progress. 153 

of this mountain are they, for an 
example to others." 

Then I saw that they led them 
to the top of another mountain, 
named Caution, and bid them look 
afar off ; which they did, and saw 
several men walking up and down 
among the tombs that were there ; 
the men were blind, and stumbled 
sometimes upon the tombs. 

Then said Christian, 

" What means this?" 

The shepherds then answered, 
' ' Did you not see, a little below 
these mountains, a stile that led 
into a meadow, on the left hand 
of the way ?" 

They answered, " Yes." 

Then said the shepherds, ' ' From 
that stile there goes a path that 

154 pilgrim's progress. 

leads directly to Doubting Castle, 
kept by Giant Despair ; and these 
men wandering out of their way 
were taken by him and cast into 
his dungeon ; at last he put out 
their eyes, and led them among 
those tombs, where he has left 
them to wander to this very day." 

Then Christian and Hopeful 
looked upon one another, with 
tears gushing out, but yet said 
nothing to the shepherds. 

Then the shepherds led them 
to another place, where was a 
door on the side of a hill ; and 
they opened the door, and bid 
them look in. They looked in, 
and saw that within it was very 
dark and smoky ; they also 
thought that they heard a rum- 


bling noise as of fire, and a cry 
of some tormented, and that they 
smelt the scent of brimstone. 

Then said Christian, ' ' What 
means this ?" 

The shepherds told them, ' ' This 
is a by-way to hell, a way that 
hypocrites go in at." 

Then said the pilgrims one to 
the other, " We had need cry to 
to the Strong for strength." 

Shep. " Aye, and you will have 
need to use it, when you have it, 

By this time the pilgrims had 
a desire to go forward, and the 
shepherds a desire they should ; 
so they walked together towards 
the end of the mountains. Then 
said the shepherds one to another, 

156 pilgrim's progress. 

1 ' Let us here show the pilgrims 
the gates of the Celestial City, if 
they have skill to look through 
our perspective-glass . ' ' 

The pilgrims lovingly accepted 
the motion : so they led them to 
the top of a high hill called Clear, 
and gave them the glass to 

Then they tried to look ; but 
the remembrance of that last 
thing that the shepherds had 
shown them made their hands 
shake, by means of which imped- 
iment they could not look 
steadily through the glass ; yet 
they thought they saw something 
like the gate, and also some of 
the glory of the place. 

When they were about to de- 


part, one of the shepherds gave 
them a note of the way. 

Another of them bid them be- 
ware of the Flatterer. 

The third bid them take heed 
that they slept not upon the En- 
chanted Ground. 

And the fourth bid them God 
speed. So I awoke from my dream. 

And I slept and dreamed again, 
and saw the two pilgrims going 
down the mountains along the 
highway towards the city. 

Now, a little below these moun- 
tains, on the left hand, lieth the 
country of Conceit ; from which 
country there comes into the way 
in which the pilgrims walked, a 
little crooked lane. Here, there- 
fore, they met with a very brisk 

158 pilgrim's progress. 

lad, and his name was Ignor- 

So Christian asked him from 
what parts he came, and whither 
he was going. 

11 Sir, I was born in the country 
that lieth off there, and I am going 
to the Celestial City." 

Chr. " But how do you think 
to get in at the gate, for you may 
find some difficulty there ?" 

"As other good people do," 
said he. 

Christian asked him other 
questions tending to teach him 
of the way, but the replies of Ig- 
norance showed him to be so wise 
in his own conceit, that, approach- 
ing Hopeful, Christian said to him 
in a whisper, 

pilgrim's progress. 159 

* ' There is more hope of a fool 
than of him." 

So they determined to outgo 
him at present, hoping that he 
would reflect to his profit upon 
what had been suggested to him. 
Therefore they went on and Ig- 
norance came after. 

Now, they entered a very dark 
lane, where they met a man 
whom seven devils had bound 
with strong cords, and were carry- 
ing back to the door that they 
saw on the side of the hill. 
Then the pilgrims began to 
tremble ; yet, Christian looked to 
see if he knew him; and he 
thought it might be one Turn- 
away, that dwelt in the town of 
Apostasy. But he did not perfect- 

160 pilgrim's progress. 

ly see his face, for he hung his 
head like a thief that is found ; 
but Hopeful looked after him, and 
espied on his back this inscrip- 
tion, " Wanton professor, and 
damnable apostate.' ' 

This sad sight caused Christian 
to remember, and then to tell 
Hopeful of what happened to a 
pilgrim hereabouts, whose name 
was Little-Faith of the town of 
Sincere. He was set upon and 
robbed in Dead-man's Lane, by 
three sturdy rogues, Faint-Heart, 
Mistrust, and Guilt. But they 
did not succeed in getting all he 
had, for hearing that Great-Grace, 
was a-coming, they fled, and did 
not get at his jewels. But poor 
Little-Faith was forced afterwards 

pilgrim's progress. 161 

to beg to his journey's end. 
With his jewels he could not part, 
for had they been missing, there 
would be no entrance for him at 
the gate of the Celestial City. 

Upon this experience of Little- 
Faith, the two loving pilgrims ex- 
tracted lessons of profit as they 
journeyed on towards Mount 

So they went on, and Ignorance 
followed, till they came to a place 
where they saw a way put itself 
into their way, and seemed as 
straight as the way which they 
should go ; and here they knew 
not which of the two to take, and 
they stood still to consider. As 
they were thinking, behold a man 
black of ilesh, but covered with a 
11 . 

162 pilgrim's progress. 

very light robe, came to them, 
and asked them why they stood. 

They answered, they were go- 
ing to the Celestial City, bnt 
knew not which of these ways to 

4 'Follow me," said the man, 
"it is thither that I am going." 

So they followed him in the 
way that but now came into the 
road, which by degrees turned, 
and turned them so far from the 
Celestial City, that in a little time 
their faces were turned away from 
it ; yet they followed him. But 
by-and-by, before they were aware, 
he led them both within the com- 
pass of a net, in which they were 
both entangled ; and with that 
the white robe fell off the black 

pilgrim's progress. 163 

Entangled in a net. 

pilgrim's progress. 165 

man's back. Then they saw 
where they were. Wherefore 
there they lay crying some time, 
for they could not get out. 

Thus they lay bewailing them- 
selves in the net ; at last they 
espied a shining One coming to- 
wards them with a whip of small 
cords in his hand. He asked them 
whence they came, and what they 
did there. They told him that 
they were poor pilgrims going to 
Zion, but were led out of their 
way by a black man clothed in 

Then said he with the whip, It 
is Flatterer, a false apostle, that 
hath transformed himself into an 
angel of light. So he rent the 
net, and let the men out. Then 

163 pilgrim's progress. 

said he to them, Follow me, that 
I may set you in your way again. 

So he led them back to the way 
which they had left to follow the 
Flatterer. Then after further 
questioning and reproving them, 
he commanded them to lie down ; 
which when they did, he chastis- 
ed them sore ; and as he chastised 
them, he said, "As many as I 
love, I rebuke and chasten ; be 
zealous, therefore, and repent." 

This done, he bid them go on 
their way, and take good heed to 
their directions. So they thanked 
him for all his kindness, and went 
meekly along the right way. 

Now, after a while they per- 
ceived afar off, one coming softly, 
and alone, all along the highway, 

pilgrim's progress. 167 

to meet them, with his back to- 
wards Zion. 

So he drew nearer and nearer, 
and at last came up to them. His 
name was Atheist, and he asked 
them whither they wore going. 

When Christian told him he 
fell into a very great laughter, 
and said there was no such place 
as Mount Zion, and that they were 
fools to seek further to find it. 

So they turned away from the 
man ; and he, laughing at them, 
went his way. 

I then saw in my dream, that 
they went on until they came into 
a country whose air naturally 
tended to make one drowsy, Here 
Hopeful began to be very dull, 
and said to Christian, "I can 

168 riLGEIM's PROGRES . 

scarcely hold open mine eyes ; let 
us lie down here, and take one 

" By no means," said the other. 
Do you not remember that one 
of the shepherds bid us beware of 
the Enchanted Ground ?" 

Then Christian proposed, to 
prevent drowsiness, that they 
should engage in some good dis- 
course. So he and Hopeful, after 
singing a hymn, held sweet com- 
munion a long time together ; and 
Hopeful told Christian of all the 
Lord had done for his soul ; and 
how he, the Crucified, had reveal- 
ed Himself to him as the " chiefest 
among ten thousand," and the 
one "altogether lovely." And 
thus they passed along safely 

pilgrim's progress. 169 

most of the Enchanted Ground, 
that dangerous portion of their 
travel heavenward. 

I sam then in my dream, that 
Hopeful looting back, saw Ignor- 
ance, whom they had left behind, 
coming after. 

"Look," said he to Christian, 
1 ' how far yonder youngster loit- 
ereth behind ! Let us tarry for 
him. ' ' So they did. 

Then Christian said to him, 

1 ' Come away, man ; why do 
you stay so behind ? ' ' 

Ignor. "I take my pleasure in 
walking alone, even more a great 
deal than in company, unless I 
like it the better." 

"But however, come up, and 
let us talk away the time in this 

170 pilgrim's progress. 

solitary place. Come, how do 
you do ? How stands it between 
Grod and your soul now ?" 

Ignor. "I hope well; fo* I am 
always full of good motions, that 
come into my mind to comfort me 
as I walk." 

Then Christian pressed Ignor- 
ance closely but kindly as to the 
nature of his hopes, and showed 
him how vain they were, but the 
conceited fellow wrangled with 
them and spoke reproachfully of 
what he knew not. At last he 
said to them : — 

" You go so fast I cannot keep 
pace with you ; do you go on be- 
fore : I must stay a while be- 

So they went on apace before, 

pilgrim's progress. 171 

and Ignorance came hobbling 
after. Then said Christian to his 

1 ' I mnch pity this poor man : 
I fear it will go ill with him at 

After some further talk of the 
good use of the right kind of 
fear in a christian's experience, 
and also of some they knew who 
started on pilgrimage but did not 
adventure far, our brother pilgrims 
at last passed over the Enchanted 

They were now come into the 
country of Beulah where the air 
was very sweet and pleasant ; and 
the way lying directly through it 
they solaced themselves there for 
a season. Here they heard con- 

172 pilgrim's progress. 

tinually the singing of birds, and 
saw flowers bloom, and heard the 
turtle in the land. In this 
country the sun shineth night 
and day : wherefore this was be- 
yond the valley of the Shadow of 
Death, and also out of the reach 
of giant Despair : neither could 
they from this place so much as 
see Doubting Castle. 

Here they were within sight of 
the city they were going to ; also 
here some of the inhabitants there- 
of met them ; for in this land the 
shining ones commonly walked, 
because it was upon the borders 
of heaven. 

Here they had no want of corn 
and wine ; for in this place they 
met with abundance of what they 

pilgrim's progress. 173 

had sought for in all their pil- 

Now, as they walked in this 
land, they had much rejoicing ; 
and drawing near to the city, 
they had yet a more perfect view 
thereof. It was builded of pearls 
and precious stones, also the 
streets thereof were paved with 
gold ; so that Christian with de- 
sire fell sick ; Hopeful also had a 
fit or two of the same disease. 

But being a little strengthened, 
they walked on their way, and 
came yet nearer, where were or- 
chards, vineyards, and gardens, 
whose gates opened to the high- 
way. Now, as they came up to 
these places, the gardener said, 
" They are the King's and are 

174 pilgrim's progress. 

planted here for his own delight, 
and also for the solace of pil- 
grims." So he bid them refresh 
themselves ; he also showed them 
there the King's walks and arbors 
and here they tarried and slept. 

And when they awoke, they 
addressed themselves to go up to 
the city. But the city was so ex- 
tremely glorious, that they could 
behold it, only through an instru- 
ment made for that purpose. So 
I saw, that as they went on, there 
met them two men in raiment that 
shone like gold, also their faces 
shone as the light. 

Christian and his companion 
asked the men to go along with 
them. So they went on together 
till they came in sight of the gate. 

pilgrim's progress. 175 

Now betwixt them and the 
gate was a river ; but there was 
no bridge to go over, and the 
river was very deep. At the 
sight of this river the pilgrims 
were much stunned ; but the men 
that went with them said, ' ' You 
must go through, or you cannot 
come to the gate." 

The pilgrims, especially Chris- 
tian, began to despond, and look- 
ed this way and that, but no 
way could be found by them 
by which they might escape the 

Then they asked the men if the 
waters were all of a depth. They 
said, No ; yet they could not help 
them in that case ; for, said they, 
1 ■ you shall find it deeper or shal- 

176 pilgrim's progress. 

lower as you believe in the King 
of the place." 

They then drew near to the 
water, and entering, Christian 
began to sink, and crying out 
to his good friend Hopeful, he said, 

' ' I sink in deep waters ; the 
billows go over my head ; all his 
waves go over me. Selah." 

Then said the other, 

"Be of good cheer, my broth- 
er : I feel the bottom, and it is 

Then said Christian, 
1 ' Ah, my friend, the sorrows of 
death have compassed me about, 
I shall not see the land that flows 
with milk and honey. ' ' 

And with that a great darkness 
and horror fell upon Christian, so 

pilgrim's progress. 177 

Crossing the River of Death, 

pilgrim's progress. 179 

that lie could not see before liirn. 
All Ms words tended to dis- 
cover that lie had horror of mind 
and heart-fears that he should 
never obtain entrance in at the 
gate. Here also, some thoughts 
of the sins that he had committed 
both since and before he began to 
be a pilgrim, troubled him. 

Hopeful therefore had much 
ado to keep his brother's head 
above water ; he also endeavored 
to comfort him saying, ,; Brother 
I see the gate, and men standing 
by to receive us !" 

But Christian would answer, 

" It is you, it is you they wait 
for ; for you have been hopeful 
ever since I knew you." 

Then Hopeful further kept him 

180 pilgrim's progress. 

up with words of golden promise, 
left by their Saviour- Prince gone 
on before them, to comfort pil- 
grims : then I saw in my dream 
that Christian was in a muse a 

At last Christian broke out with 
a loud voice, "Oh, I see Him 
again ; and he tells me, ' When 
thou passest through the waters, 
I will be with thee ; and through 
the rivers, they shall not overflow 
thee.' " 

Then they both took courage, 
and the enemy was after that as 
still as a stone, until they were 
gone over. Christian therefore 
presently found ground to stand 
upon, and so it followed that the 
rest of the river was but shallow. 

pilgrim's progress. 181 

Thus they got over. 

Now, upon the bank of the 
river, on the other side, they saw 
the two shining men again, wait- 
ing for them, and with them, they 
went along towards the gate. 

Now the pilgrims went up the 
hill with ease, because they had 
these two men to lead them ; they 
likewise had left their mortal gar- 
ments behind them in the river. 
They therefore went up with speed, 
through the air, sweetly talking as 
they went, being comforted be- 
cause they had safely got over the 
river, and had such glorious ones 
to attend them. The talk also 
that they had with the shining 
ones was about the glory of the 
place to which they were going. 

182 pilgrim's progress. 

' ' There, ' ' said they, ' l is Mount 
Sion, the heavenly Jerusalem, the 
innumerable company of angels, 
and the spirits of just men made 
perfect. You are going now," 
said they, ' ' to the paradise of 
God, wherein you shall see the 
tree of life, and eat of the never- 
fading fruits thereof: and when 
you come there you shall have 
white robes given you, and your 
walk and talk shall be every day 
with the King, even all the days 
of eternity. There you shall not 
see again such things as you saw 
when you were in the lower region 
upon the earth, to wit, sorrow, 
sickness, affliction, and death ; 
' for the former things are passed 
away. ' You are going to Abraham, 

pilgrim's progress. 183 

to Isaac, and Jacob, and to the 
prophets, men that God hath taken 
away from the evil to come, and 
that are now ' resting npon their 
beds, each one walking in his 

The men then asked, " What 
must we do in the holy place ?" 
To whom it was answered, 
11 You must there receive the 
comfort of all your toil, and have 
joy for all your sorrow ; you must 
reap what you have sown, even 
the fruit of all your prayers, and 
tears, and sufferings, for the King 
by the way. In that place you 
must wear crowns of gold, and 
enjoy the perpetual sight and 
vision of the Holy One ; for there 
you shall see him as he is. There 

184 pilgrim's progress. 

also you shall serve Him continu- 
ally with praise, with shouting 
and thanksgiving, whom you de- 
sired to serve in the world , though 
with much difficulty, because of 
the infirmity of your flesh. There 
your eyes shall be delighted with 
seeing, and your ears with hear- 
ing the pleasant voice of the 
Mighty One. There you shall 
enjoy your friends again that are 
gone thither before you ; and there 
you shall with joy receive even 
every one that follows into the 
holy place after you. There also 
you shall be clothed with glory 
and majesty, and be put into an 
equipage fit to ride out with the 
King of glory. When he shall 
come with sound of trumpet in 

pilgrim's progress. 185 

the clouds, as upon the wings of 
the wind, you shall come with 
him ; and when he shall sit upon 
the throne of judgment, you 
shall sit by him ; yea, and when 
he shall pass sentence upon all 
the workers of iniquity, let them 
be angels or men, you also shall 
have a voice in that judgment, 
because they were his and your 
enemies. Also, when he shall 
again return to the city, you shall 
go too with sound of trumpet, 
and be ever with him. 

While they were thus drawing 
towards the gate, behold a com- 
pany of the heavenly host came 
out to meet them : and they bade 
them welcome. 

There came out also several of 

1SG pilgrim's progress. 

the King's trumpeters, clothed in 
white and shining raiment. These 
trumpeters saluted Christian and 
his fellow with ten thousand wel- 
comes ; and this they did with 
shout and sound of trumpet. 

This done, they compassed them 
round on every side ; as it were 
to guard them through the upper 
regions, continually sounding as 
they went, with melodious noise, 
in notes on high ; so that the very 
sight was, as if heaven itself had 
come down to meet them. And 
now were these two men, as it 
were, in heaven, before they came 
to it, being swallowed up with the 
sight of angels, and with hearing 
of their melodious notes. Here 
also they had the city itself in 

pilgrim's progress. 187 

view; and they thought they 
heard all the bells therein to ring, 
to welcome them. Thus they came 
up to the gate. 

Now when they were come up 
to the gate, there was written 
over it, in letters of gold, 

"blessed are they that do his 
commandments, that they may 
have right to the tree of life, 
and may enter in through the 


Then I saw in my dream, that 
the shining ones hid them call at 
the gate : which they did. Then 
the pilgrims gave in unto those 
who looked over the gate the cer- 
tificates, they had received in the 
beginning : these were carried in 

188 pilgrim's progress. 

to the King, who, when he had 
read them, said, Where are the 
men ? To whom it was answered, 
"They are standing without." 
The King then commanded to 
open the gate. 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
these two men went in at the 
gate ; and lo, as they entered, they 
were transfigured ; and they had 
raiment put on that shone like 
gold. There were also some that 
met them with harps and crowns, 
and gave them to them. Then I 
heard in my dream, that all the 
bells in the city rang again for 
joy, and that it was said unto 
ihem, ' ' Enter ye into the joy op 
your Lord." I also heard the 
men themselves, that they sang 

pilgrim's progress. 189 

with a loud voice, saying, ' ' Bless- 

power, be unto hlm that sitteth 
upon the throne, and unto the 
Lamb, for ever and ever. ' ' 

Now, just as the gates were 
opened to let in the men, I looked 
in after them : and behold, the 
city shone like the sun ; the 
streets also were paved with gold ; 
and in them walked many men, 
with crowns on their heads, 
palms in their hands, and golden 
harps, to sing praises withal. 

There were also some of them 
that had wings, and they answered 
one another without intermission, 
saying, Holy, holy, holy is the 
Lord. And after that they shut 
up the gates ; which when I had 

190 pilgrim's progress. 

seen, I wished myself among 

Now, while I was gazing upon 
all these things, I turned my head 
to look back, and saw Ignorance 
come up to the river side ; but he 
soon got over, and that with little 
difficulty. For there was then in 
that place one Vain-Hope, a ferry- 
man, that with his boat helped 
him over ; so he, as the others I 
saw, did ascend the hill, to come 
up to the gate ; only he came alone. 

When he was come up to the 
gate, he looked up to the writing 
that was above, and then began 
to knock, supposing that entrance 
should have been quickly ad- 
ministered to him ; but he was 
asked by the men that looked 

pilgrim's progress. 191 

over the top of the gate, "Whence 
come you ? and what would you 
have ?" 

He answered, "I have ate and 
drunk in the presence of the King, 
and he has taught in our streets." 

Then they asked him for his cer- 
tificate, that they might go in and 
show it to the King : so he fumbled 
in his bosom for one, and found 
none. Then said they, " Have 
you none ?" but the man answer- 
ed not a word. 

So they told the King, but he 
would not come down to see him, 
but commanded the two shining 
ones that conducted Christian and 
Hopeful to the city, to go out and 
take Ignorance, and bind him 
hand and foot, and lead him 

192 pilgrim's progress. 

away. Then they took him up 
and carried him through the air 
to the door I saw in the side of 
the hill, and put him in there. 
Then I saw that there was a 
way to hell even from the gate of 
heaven, as well as from the city 
of Destruction. 

So I awoke and behold, it was 
a dream.